United States. Army. Western Defense Command and Fourth Army. Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942.
Washington 1943, p. 261

Desha County, Arkansas





Engineering Plans & Maps






Rohwer Relocation Center (U.S. government name) along with Jerome was located on swampy land close to the Mississippi River in Arkansas, just west of the town of Rohwer in Desha County and 11 miles north of McGehee. Of the 10,161 acres, 9,560 were secured from the Farm Security Administration. The land was quite swampy and heavily wooded with a water level just below ground level. Rohwer was configured in a tight grid of 500 acres on flat ground. There were eleven unpaved north/south streets numbered First to Eleventh, and eleven east/west cross streets numbered A through K. Rohwer, like Manzanar, reflected the belief in the use of standard plans for maximum efficiency without regard for topography. Construction began on July 1, 1942 just a few weeks before work on Jerome began. opening on September 18, 1942. Rohwer a had a maximum population of 8,495 and closed on November 30, 1945.